Pan-ethnic labels describing the U.S. population of people tracing their roots to Latin America and Spain have been introduced over the decades, rising and falling in popularity. Today, the two dominant labels in use are Hispanic and Latino, with origins in the 1970s and 1990s respectively. Latinx is a term used to describe people who are of or relate to Latin American origin or descent. Given the growing Latino population in the U.S. and the high percentage of social workers involved in the treatment of addiction (Smith, Whitaker, & Weismiller, 2006), social workers are increasingly likely to encounter adult Latina clients. The current study’s findings help social work practitioners and researchers begin to better understand beliefs about addiction and their cultural and socioeconomic correlates among adult Latinas.
The average genomewide individual ancestry proportions have been estimated as 56% European, 28% West African and 16% Native American. However, there are significant numbers of blacks and whites within the Puerto Rican population as well.
Children will experience emotional traumas and long-term changes in behaviors. Additionally, when parents are forcefully removed, children develop feelings of abandonment and they might blame themselves for what has happened to their family. Children that are victims to family separation believe in the possibility of never seeing their parents again. Reunification may be difficult because of harsh immigration laws and re-entry restrictions which further affect the mental health of children and parents.
The album’s second and final single, «Remember December» failed to match the success of its predecessor, but peaked at number 80 on the UK Singles Chart. Lovato made her first 40-city national concert tour, Live in Concert, in support of Here We Go Again. The tour, from June 21 to August 21, 2009, had David Archuleta, KSM and Jordan Pruitt as opening acts.
In addition to finding that unexplained wage gap for Hispanic women is greater than the aggregation of the absolute ethnic and gender effects, we also identify particular groups of Hispanic women at an even greater disadvantage. The media has a lot of room to grow in terms of their portrayal of non-American cultures and it can start by just having ethnic women play regular roles as common people, rather than portray a character and fill a stereotype that is completely made up by a white male’s mind.
The survey also states that 64.9% of Afro-Mexicans also identified as indigenous, with 9.3% being speakers of indigenous languages. Other surveys made by the Mexican government do count as Indigenous all persons who speak an indigenous language and people who do not speak indigenous languages nor live in indigenous communities but self-identifies as Indigenous. Mexico’s northern and western regions have the highest percentages of European population, with the majority of the people not having native admixture or being of predominantly European ancestry, resembling in aspect that of northern Spaniards.
We used a published adaptation framework (ADAPT-ITT)20 to guide a systematic process of selecting and then adapting SiSTA, an HIV risk reduction intervention for young African American women that is widely disseminated with CDC support,21 for use with Latina women. Lessons learned through the cultural adaptation process by community agencies included the challenge—yet importance—of addressing the diverse languages, gender roles, and social norms prevalent among Latina women. We maintained the theoretical foundations of social cognitive theory,22 the theory of gender and power,23 and the core elements of the SiSTA intervention throughout the adaptation process from which AMIGAS emerged. We used community-based participatory research approaches to engage members of the ethnically diverse Latina community at all stages of the research. They participated in conceptualizing the study aims, adapting the HIV intervention materials, and developing assessment measures and recruitment strategies.
Although the current study is preliminary, our hope is that current findings are confirmed in clinical samples, and will facilitate the development of culturally informed interventions needed to address the increasing rates of addiction related problems among Latino adults. The present results offer new knowledge to confirm in future social workers practice and research with Latino populations. For example, social workers treating Latina immigrants could assess the efficacy of matching women with spiritually based treatment modalities to facilitate treatment engagement, retentions and positive outcomes.
¡Avanzando Juntas! Latina Economic Empowerment Program
Longoria has worked to expand opportunities afforded to the Hispanic-American community through testimony before the Senate Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee and speeches at the Clinton Global Initiative Conference. Longoria is best known as an actress, but she also has a master’s degree in Chicano Studies and is deeply involved in advocacy and nonprofit work. The Eva Longoria Foundation supports Latina entrepreneurship through micro-loan programs; funds STEM extracurricular activities and mentorship for Latina students; and raises awareness on a national stage about issues relating to Latina education.
- Modern hispanization of a place, namely in the United States, might be illustrated by Spanish-language media and businesses.
- Hispanicization is the process by which a place or a person absorbs characteristics of Hispanic society and culture.
- However, Spanish-speaking persons in many Hispanic areas in the U.S. amounted to only a few thousand people when they became part of the United States; a large majority of current Hispanic residents are descended from Hispanics who entered the United States in the mid-to-late 20th and early 21st centuries.
Further research shows the Latino population will continue to grow in the United States, implicating that more Latinos will populate U.S schools. As of 2014, one third, or 17.9 million, of the Hispanic population was younger than 18 and a quarter, 14.6 million, were Millennials. This makes them more than half of the Hispanic population within the United States. Costa Rican-American actor Harry Shum Jr. was born in Limón, Costa Rica to Chinese immigrants. Most of the multi-racial population in the Mexican, Salvadoran, and Guatemalan communities are of European and Native American ancestry , while most of the multiracial population in the Puerto Rican, Dominican, and Cuban communities are of European and African ancestry .
A 2008 Gallup poll indicated that 60% of Hispanics and 67% of blacks believe that good relations exist between US blacks and Hispanics while only 29% of blacks, 36% of Hispanics, and 43% of whites, say Black–Hispanic relations are bad. As a result of the rapid growth of the Hispanic population, there has been some tension with other minority populations, especially the African American population, as Hispanics have increasingly moved into once exclusively Black areas.
Others are wholly or predominantly of European or Middle Eastern ancestry or of Amerindian ancestry. Many Hispanics from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well. The term Hispanic was first used by the U.S. government in the 1970s after Mexican American and other Hispanic organizations lobbied the federal government to collect data on the population. Subsequently, the U.S Congress passed Public Law in 1976, mandating the collection of information about U.S. residents of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central American, South American and other Spanish-speaking country origins. Census Bureau to create a broader category that encompassed all people who identified having roots from these countries.
To do so would oversimplify this population and result to stereotyping, as the experience of Latinas is just as nuanced as the women who comprise this ethnic group. There is a significant lack of literature on the home life experience of Latina women and how it may change with immigration to the United States. While many view the label as inclusive, the word also has detractors.
However, with the end of the Bracero program, the United States policy on migration within the hemisphere shifted from encouraging primarily working males to migrate. Beginning with the Watershed amendment of 1965, the United States shifted their policy http://www.transportrfa.com/en/dirty-facts-about-colombian-women-unveiled/ to encourage the migration of whole families by issuing less visas to unskilled single men and more visas to families. While men typically migrate at a young age concentration of 18-25, females migrate at generally consistent rates at all age groups.
There is a low level of intermarriage with the general Mexican population, with only 3.1% of marriages being mixed. Although the Jewish community is less than one percent of Mexico’s total population, Mexico is one of the few countries whose Jewish population is expected to grow. European Mexicans are Mexican citizens who trace all or most of their ancestry to Europe. Europeans began arriving in Mexico during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire; and while during the colonial period most European immigration was Spanish, in the 19th and 20th centuries European and European-derived populations from North and South America did immigrate to the country.
A woman must carry herself like Mary in order to receive respect and keep the family’s honor. Along with the increase in independence amongst these young women, there is a diminution in the power of vergüenza («shame») in many of the relations between the two sexes. To have vergüenza is to assert male dominance in all spheres, especially in a man’s relationship with his female partner; the concept is enforced through shaming males into comporting themselves with a macho (literally, «male» or «masculine») archetype in order to establish respect, dominance, and manliness in their social ambits.
Puerto Rican Citizenship Reaffirmed